Актуально


Информация для абитуриентов МГУ










Подготовка к сдаче вступительных испытаний на все факультеты МГУ им. М.В.Ломоносова, в другие вузы, к Единому государственному экзамену (ЕГЭ), Государственной итоговой аттестации выпускников 9 классов (ГИА) и сочинению по литературе. Набор учащихся 11, 10 и 9 классов на 2017/18 учебный год. Занятия проводят преподаватели
МГУ им. М.В. Ломоносова. Высокий уровень подготовки абитуриентов.

Задания МГУ>>

Варианты работ, предлагавшихся на вступительных экзаменах по иностранному языку в МГУ им. М.В. Ломоносова в 2008 г.

Аудирование

ECOTOURISM

The word ecotourism means several things. It is a holiday vacation that can include visiting and learning about local areas and cultures. It can mean visiting extremely wild areas. It can also mean learning about nature, animals, birds, plants and new ways to live on our planet. And it is tourism designed to limit damage to the environment.

Travel and holiday experts say ecotourism is the fastest growing part of the holiday vacation industry. It is possible to visit almost any country to learn about the culture, history, food, plants, animals or anything else that might interest you.

Tourism, the travel and holiday industry, provides huge amounts of money to the economies of many nations. So ecotourism has become extremely important.

And officials in the travel industry say ecotourism works to create, improve and protect holiday areas that people will want to visit.

Ecotourism also teaches the people who live in areas that tourists may want to visit and enjoy. Government agencies use ecotourism methods to teach these people how to develop these areas for visitors. The people learn to protect the natural environment so that they remain popular places to visit.

Some environmental scientists have strongly criticized the tourism industry. These scientists say the travel industry often fails to understand that thousands of people visiting an area can greatly harm the environment. Environmental experts say people who visit an area are sometimes careless in their actions. They say people on holiday often do not understand the damage they can cause. They leave food, paper, and bottles behind. They harm plants, animals or objects important to a local culture.

The World Tourism Organization is the leading international organization in travel and tourism. It has more than three hundred-fifty members representing local governments, tourism organizations and private companies. The headquarters of the World Tourism Organization is in Madrid, Spain.

The Organization serves as an international meeting place to discuss tourism policy issues and education. It works to help countries and local communities develop ecotourism areas.

1) What does the word «ecotourism» mean?

Ecotourism means a holiday vacation that can include visiting and learning about local areas and cultures. It can also mean learning about nature, animals, birds, plants and new ways to live on our planet.

2) What benefits does «ecotourism» bring people and the society?

Ecotourism provides money to the economies of many nations. Ecotourism teaches the people who live in areas that tourists visit. These people learn to protect the natural environment.

3) Why do some environmental scientists strongly criticize the tourism industry?

They say that people visiting an area can harm the environment. People often leave food, paper, and bottles behind. They harm plants, animals or objects important to a local culture.

4) What are the functions of The World Tourism Organization?

The World Tourism Organization serves as an international meeting place to discuss tourism policy issues and education. It helps countries develop ecotourism areas.

5) Why do people like traveling?

Тест

1. He______that he'd phone me this morning, but it is 12.00 and he ________yet.
A) said, didn't phone B) says, didn't phone C) said, hasn't phoned D) has said, didn't phone

2. If we had more rain our crops________________ faster.
A) will grow B) grow C) are growing D) would grow

3. We are_________________ our holiday.
A) looking forward to B) looking forward at C) looking up D) looking up to

4. For years___________people remembered that terrible night.
A) afterwards B) after C) then D) later

5. I'd like to know___________history of the world.
A) all B) the all C) the whole D) a whole

6. I don't believe that this play___________________ by Shakespeare.
A) has been written B) was wrote C) was written D) is written

7. He succeeded________________ the world speed record.
A) in breaking B) to break C) for breaking D) in break

8. He___________________for three hours before he reached the top of the mountain.
A) has climbed B) has been climbing C) was climbing D) had been climbing

9. It is ______ pleasure to do business with such ______ efficient organization.
A) a, an B) the, an C) the, - D) a, -

10. They took his passport so that he__________leave the country.
A) can't B) will not be able C) couldn't D) wouldn't be able to

11. Would you like___________lunch with us?
A) to have B) have C) having D) to having

12. The new house___________________yet.
A) wasn't finished B) hasn't been finished C) hasn't finished D) isn't finished

13. He would have been arrested if he________________to leave the country.
A) had tried B) has tried C) will try D) tried

14. I can't repeat _____ you what she said _____ me _____ confidence.
A) -, to, for B) to, to, in C)'-, -, in D) to, -, in

15. That isn't Tom,___________?
A) isn't he B) is he C) is it D) isn't it

16. A woman_____lived here before us is a well-known novelist.
A) which В) who С) that D) whom

17. Physics_____an interesting subject at school but I wasn't good at____________
A) are, them В) are, it С) is, them D) is, it

18. I read _____ him the report; he listened _____ me _____ amazement.
A) -, to, in B) -, to, with C) to, to, with D) to, -, in

19. The old house on the corner__________________last year.
A) was knock down B) was knocked down C) has been knocked D) knocked

20. Don't ask the office_____information. I will provide you______all the information you need.
A)'for, with B) -, for C) -, with D) for, to

21. They both did well and they will_____receive prizes.
A) each B) both C) all D) every

22. I can't bear___________ that music- turn it down.
A) to hear B) hearing C) hear D) to hearing

23. The windows need________________
A) to clean B) to be clean C) cleaning D) to be cleaned

24. There are several restaurants_____do Sunday lunches.
A) who B) that C) which D) -

25. The government took these measures________________reduce crime.
A) in order to B) so that C) for D) so as to


***



Предметы